8. The Big Apple Pizza Company, a manufacturer and

8.                  The Big Apple Pizza Company, a manufacturer and distributor of frozen food prod- ucts, is introducing a new frozen Chicago-style pizza. The new sauce for this pizza   is a unique, special recipe and it resulted in very positive taste test ratings in market research studies. The supply manager is trying to decide if the company should make or buy this sauce. The current forecast is for 120,000 total gallons of the sauce to be used over the estimated three-year life of the product. The first year, 30,000 gallons are forecast with 45,000 gallons each in years two and three.
Currently, Big Apple purchases all of the sauce used in its products, ready-made, from a single source, Top Tomato. The supplier’s production plant is located 320 miles from Big Apple’s production plant, and weekly truckload deliveries are currently used. The com- pany buys approximately 600,000 gallons of sauce per year from Top Tomato. The sauce supplier has provided high-quality, low-cost standard pizza sauces to Big Apple and other pizza makers for over five years. The current sauce supplier has quoted a delivered price of
$2.85/gallon for the sauce if a three-year contract is used. Conformance to quality standards for Top Tomato’s sauce has been 99 percent and on-time delivery has been 95 percent.
BigApple’smanufacturingmanagerhasstatedthatafacilityandsauce-makingequip- ment are needed at an investment of $60,000 because the company does not make any sauces. Themanufacturingmanagerstatedthathehadbeenconsideringlayingoffseveral workers because of lower demand for frozen pot pies, so he was in favor of making the sauce. The following direct costs have been estimated for making the sauce. Typically, overhead costs for Big Apple’s production facility are allocated to products at a rate of 200 percent of direct labor.
Direct labor
$ 0.25/gallon
Direct materials
$ 2.00/gallon
Apply the eight steps for the insourcing/outsourcing decision. Should Big Apple Pizza make or buy the sauce? Why?

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