Biology Paper

Written Assignment: Biology and Technology in the Real World

 

Addresses course outcomes 1-4:

  • recognize and explain how the scientific method is used to solve problems
  • make observations and discriminate between scientific and pseudoscientific explanations
  • weigh evidence and make decisions based on strengths and limitations of scientific knowledge and the scientific method
  • use knowledge of biological principles, the scientific method, and appropriate technologies to ask relevant questions, develop hypotheses, design and conduct experiments, interpret results, and draw conclusions

1. Select one of the topics listed below.

 

2. Find at least three information sources related to the topic. 

 

3. Write a 750-1500 word paper, excluding references and title page. You must read the information sources that you find and summarize the information in your own words, addressing each of the questions and expectations for your chosen topic. Extensive quotes from the article are discouraged. Use APA style for citing references.

 

 Topics (select one)

a) Genetically modified organisms (GMOs). What is the purpose genetic engineering of crop plants and domestic animals? Briefly explain how GMOs are created. What foods in your supermarket contain GMOs? Are foods that contain GMOs safe for human consumption? What types of regulations exist for these foods? Clearly explain your reasoning for each answer. 

 

b) Stem cells. Your friend had a spinal cord injury after a bad car accident. The medical team has decided that he is a good candidate for a clinical trial using stem cell therapy. Your friend has not had a biology course since high school, so you decide to write him a letter sharing your knowledge of stem cells. Include in your letter a description of the biology of stem cells and how these cells are unique from other cells. Contrast the different types of stem cells, including pros and cons of each. Explain how stems cells are can be used to treat diseases and injury, with special focus on spinal cord injuries. Conclude with your own opinion. 

 

c) Fracking (hydraulic fracturing) and tar sands (oil sands).  With society’s dependence on nonrenewable fossil fuels, the oil & gas industry is turning to the use of hydraulic fracturing and tar (oil) sands to extract natural gas and oil respectively.  A friend asks you “What’s all this controversy in the news about fracking and tar sands?”  Briefly explain to your friend how hydraulic fracturing and tar (oil) sands are used to obtain these fossil fuels. Then, in more detail, describe the environmental problems that may result from these processes and why they are controversial. Issues that may be addressed involves, but are not limited to, water, air and soil pollution, effects on human health, effects on other species and natural ecosystems. Finally, give your opinions on possible solutions to these environmental problems, with your reasoning backed by the references that you studied. 

"Is this question part of your assignment? We Can Help!"

Accounting 102 help

1. Grace sells miniature digital cameras for $250 each. 1,000 units were sold in May, and it forecasts 4% growth in unit sales each month.

 

(a) Determine the number of camera sales for the month of June.
(b)

Determine the dollar amount of camera sales for the month of June.

 

2.

Electro Company manufactures an innovative automobile transmission for electric cars. Management predicts that ending finished goods inventory for the first quarter will be 138,300 units. The following unit sales of the transmissions are expected during the rest of the year: second quarter, 461,000 units; third quarter, 339,000 units; and fourth quarter, 448,500 units. Company policy calls for the ending finished goods inventory of a quarter to equal 30% of the next quarter’s budgeted sales. (Ending inventory for the first quarter does not comply with company policy.)

   

Prepare a production budget for both the second and third quarters that shows the number of transmissions to manufacture.

 

3.

Hospitable Co. provides the following sales forecast for the next four months:

   

  April May June July
  Sales (units) 580   660   610   610  

   

The company wants to end each month with ending finished goods inventory equal to 20% of next month’s sales. Finished goods inventory on April 1 is 116 units. Assume July’s budgeted production is 620 units. Assume each finished unit requires five pounds of raw materials and the company wants to end each month with raw materials inventory equal to 40% of next month’s production needs. Beginning raw materials inventory for April was 1,192 pounds.

    

Prepare a direct materials budget for April, May, and June.

 

4.

Rad Co. provides the following sales forecast and production budget for the next four months:

 

  April May June July
  Sales (units) 670 750 700 770
  Budgeted production (units) 610 740 710 710

 

The company plans for finished goods inventory of 290 units at the end of June. In addition, each finished unit requires five pounds of raw materials and the company wants to end each month with raw materials inventory equal to 20% of next month’s production needs. Beginning raw materials inventory for April was 610 pounds. Each finished unit requires 0.50 hours of direct labor at the rate of $16 per hour. The company budgets variable overhead at the rate of $20 per direct labor hour and budgets fixed overhead of $9,700 per month.

  

1. Prepare a direct labor budget
2. Prepare a factory overhead budget.

 

5.

Gelato Supremo is a popular neighborhood gelato shop. The company has provided the following data concerning its operations:

 

  Fixed
Element
per Month
Variable
Element
per Liter
Actual
Total for
July
  Revenue      $ 13.60    $ 73,940    
  Raw materials     $ 4.50    $ 25,340    
  Wages $ 4,500    $ 1.10    $ 10,770    
  Utilities $ 1,860    $ 0.10    $ 2,255    
  Rent $ 3,190        $ 3,190    
  Insurance $ 1,940        $ 1,940    
  Miscellaneous $ 530    $ 0.10    $ 1,167    

 

While gelato is sold by the cone or cup, the shop measures its activity in terms of the total number of liters of gelato sold. For example, wages should be $4,500 plus $1.10 per liter of gelato sold, and the actual wages for July were $10,770. Gelato Supremo expected to sell 5,300 liters in July, but actually sold 5,200 liters.

 

Required:

Prepare a report showing Gelato Supremo revenue and spending variances for July. (Input all amounts as positive values. Leave no cells blank – be certain to enter “0” wherever required. Indicate the effect of each variance by selecting “F” for favorable, “U” for unfavorable, and “None” for no effect (i.e., zero variance).)

 

Gelato Supremo
Revenue and Spending Variances
For the Month Ended July 31
  Flexible
Budget
Actual
Results
Revenue and Spending
Variances
  Revenue $ 
 


 
  Expenses:        
     Raw materials
     Wages
     Utilities
     Rent
     Insurance
     Miscellaneous
 


 
  Total expense
 


 
  Net operating income $ 
 





 

6.

Harmon Household Products, Inc., manufactures a number of consumer items for general household use. One of these products, a chopping board, requires an expensive hardwood. During a recent month, the company manufactured 4,000 chopping boards using 2,880 board feet of hardwood. The hardwood cost the company $19,008.

     The company’s standards for one chopping board are 0.62 board feet of hardwood, at a cost of $7.00 per board foot.

 

Required:
1a.

According to the standards, what cost for wood should have been incurred to make 4,000 chopping blocks?

 

  Total standard cost $ 

 

2.

Break down the difference computed in (1) above into a materials quantity variance and a materials price variance.(Input all amounts as positive values. Do not round intermediate calculations. Leave no cells blank – be certain to enter “0” wherever required. Indicate the effect of each variance by selecting “F” for favorable, “U” for unfavorable, and “None” for no effect (i.e., zero variance)

 

     
  Materials quantity variance $ 
  Materials price variance $ 

7.

AirMeals, Inc., prepares in-flight meals for a number of major airlines. One of the company’s products is stuffed cannelloni with roasted pepper sauce, fresh baby corn, and spring salad. During the most recent week, the company prepared 14,000 of these meals using 2,760 direct labor-hours. The company paid these direct labor workers a total of $27,186 for this work, or $9.85 per hour.

     According to the standard cost card for this meal, it should require 0.20 direct labor-hours at a cost of $9.60 per hour.

 

Required:
1a.

According to the standards, what direct labor cost should have been incurred to prepare 14,000 meals?

 

  Total standard direct labor cost $   

 

2.

Break down the difference computed in (1) above into a labor efficiency variance and a labor rate variance. (Input all amounts as positive values. Do not round intermediate calculations. Leave no cells blank – be certain to enter “0” wherever required. Indicate the effect of each variance by selecting “F” for favorable, “U” for unfavorable, and “None” for no effect (i.e., zero variance.)

 

     
  Labor efficiency variance $ 
  Labor rate variance $ 

8.

World Company expects to operate at 80% of its productive capacity of 61,250 units per month. At this planned level, the company expects to use 29,400 standard hours of direct labor. Overhead is allocated to products using a predetermined standard rate based on direct labor hours. At the 80% capacity level, the total budgeted cost includes $47,040 fixed overhead cost and $355,740 variable overhead cost. In the current month, the company incurred $390,000 actual overhead and 26,400 actual labor hours while producing 46,000 units.

 

(1)

Compute the overhead volume variance. (Round all your intermediate calculations to 2 decimal places.)

(2)

Compute the overhead controllable variance.

 

"Is this question part of your assignment? We Can Help!"

Assignment: Marketing Strategy ( Paid upon completion only)

Assignment: Marketing Strategy Your company just acquired another company that manufactures and sells packaged ice. Traditionally the company has sold in bulk to industrial users. You want to sell to consumers. • Develop a marketing strategy for your packaged ice that includes a market penetration strategy, market development strategy, and the value proposition. Provide a 2–3 page (APA formatted and citation styled) marketing strategy plan paper with at least three supporting scholarly references (no use of Wikipedia) that address this Assignment. You should include at least one illustration which can be included in the body of your paper or in an appendix. Assignment Checklist: • Write your original response in Standard American English, paying special attention to grammar, style, and mechanics. • Respond to the Assignment criteria in a thorough manner, by addressing the specific objectives listed in the grading rubric. • Ensure that your viewpoint and purpose are clearly stated. • Demonstrate logical and appropriate transitions from one idea to another. • Your paper should be highly organized, logical, and focused. NOTE: Your paper should be in APA format and citation style. You must include a title and reference page in addition to the 2–3 pages of your marketing strategy paper. Submit to the Unit 1: Assignment Dropbox. Unit 1 Assignment Grading Rubric 40 Possible Points Specific Paper Objectives: Assignment Checklist (80%): Developed a marketing strategy for your packaged ice that includes a market penetration strategy 11 Developed a marketing strategy for your packaged ice that includes a market development strategy 11 Developed a marketing strategy for your packaged ice that includes a value proposition 10 [MT450: Marketing Management] 32 Writing Style, Grammar, APA (20%) Grammar and Spelling 3 Paper is 2–3 pages in length and responses are concise and direct 3 Reference list and citations are provided 2 8 Total 40

"Is this question part of your assignment? We Can Help!"

Logistics APA FORMAT

Key Assignment

The assignment must be a completed paper, with APA formatting, all sections complete (using Roman numerals of each section per the outline), references, and good grammar.

 

You were recently hired as the VP of Logistics for the ABC Manufacturing Company. This is a new position. During the lengthy interview process, the CEO shared her strategic plans for worldwide growth in the company’s consumer sales. Previously, sales had been confined to domestic sales only. As a result of little staff logistics expertise, the company had kept the traditional logistics model of shipping all finished products from its warehouse and factory location on the East Coast of the United States, even though there was a growing market on the West Coast that competition was serving from a West Coast warehouse. However, the CEO pointed out that despite its national popularity from a feature and quality perspective, it seemed to penetrate poorly on the West Coast because of her need to charge higher prices as the result of higher shipping costs.

The marketing manager tried to mitigate this competitive disadvantage by freight equalization so that end customers would pay the same amount of shipping costs as West Coast competition charged, regardless of where they were located. This met with some insignificant success because timeliness of delivery was another important issue.

Therefore, the CEO had asked you, as your first assignment, to write a white paper to address the following specific points. She remembered that you had quite a bit of experience addressing some or all of these issues during your career. As a stickler for formatting, she has specifically asked you to use the following Roman numeral sections and headings in the paper:

Section I: Introduction (200 words)

  1. In general, what are the qualitative pros and cons for domestic sales of having multiple distribution centers and shipping locations in the United States?

Section II: Decision-Making Criteria (300 words)

The CEO is considering three options with the same total construction and operating costs:

  • expanding the warehouse next to the East Coast manufacturing plant;
  • building a West Coast distribution center; or
  • building a combination manufacturing and warehouse location on the West coast

Identify 5 criteria that must be considered when locating a new or expanded shipping warehouse domestically, given this general information:

  1. The products are primarily medium- and large-size insulated coolers, like you might use for a picnic or trip to the beach. Transportation firms charge by space, or cubic feet, rather than weight, which is the more normal method.
  2. The coolers are made of 3 components, which are all produced by suppliers solely on the East Coast; the raw materials to make this product are bulky, and inbound shipping from the East Coast suppliers currently represents 20% of total raw material costs.
  3. The market is very competitive with generally stable or decreasing marketplace prices.
  4. In states that are warm year-round, sales are pretty steady; in states that have seasons, 90% of sales occur in the May–August period.
  5. Right now, to keep West Coast customers happy, the CEO says that they only charge those customers the local freight cost of shipping, which is $200 for anything up to half a truckload.

Section III: Metrics to Assess Success (250 words)

  1. Describe 3 metrics that you would use to assess the success of any logistics plan involving you as a manufacturer and a mass merchandiser. Provide support for your selections.

Section IV: Qualitative Factors (200 words)

 

Identify 3 subjective, qualitative factors to consider in the recommendation.

Section V: Quantitative Factors (Excel Spreadsheet)

 

Provide a detailed recommendation as to whether you should open a West Coast distribution center, add on to the existing East Coast factory and warehouse, or build a combination West Coast manufacturing location and warehouse?

Use this template to show your numeric calculations. Without calculations shown for how you reached your conclusion, section V will earn 0 points. REMEMBER: Decisions like this are based on a comparison of option A versus current methods, or option B versus current methods.

Your response must be quantitatively based using the data in section II, the additional data below, and from external resources as needed.

 

  1. The products are primarily medium- and large-size insulated coolers, like you might use for a picnic or trip to the beach. Each cooler occupies 2 cubic feet of trailer truck space; trailers are 10 x 10 x 40’ long and cost $1,000 to ship from the East Coast to the West Coast.
  2. The coolers are made of 3 components: 1 lb of raw material A, 1/4 lb of raw material B, and 1 gallon of material C, weighing 10 lbs. Based on this information, the added freight cost to get raw materials to a West Coast manufacturing location would be $0.20, $0.20, and $0.60 per finished-good unit, respectively.
  3. The mass merchandiser location on the West Coast will be purchasing 10,000 units per week, but in lots of only 1,000 at a time because of their retail store space constraints.
  4. The market is very competitive, with generally stable or decreasing marketplace prices.
  5. In states that are warm year-round, sales are pretty steady In states that have seasons, 90% of sales occur in the May–August period.
  6. The raw materials to make this product are bulky, and inbound shipping from the suppliers to the manufacturing plant represents 20% of total raw material costs. These raw materials are supplied in the United States from the East Coast; they are not available elsewhere.
  7. In the past, to keep West Coast customers happy, the CEO agreed to freight equalize customer shipping charges to be competitive with West Coast competition. She says that they only charge those customers the local freight cost of shipping, which is $200 per delivery for anything up to half-truckload quantities.

Section VI: Conclusion (200 words)

 

What are the most important points that you want the CEO to understand about this entire decision-making process?

Please submit your assignment.

 

For assistance with your assignment, please use your text, Web resources, and all course materials.

 

"Is this question part of your assignment? We Can Help!"

Assignment 2: Forecasting/Scheduling

Successfully introducing a new business product or service requires significant planning. Forecasting allows the company to estimate the extent of the changes in operations by looking at levels, trends, and seasonality of the demand for the product or service.

A scheduling tool such as a Gantt chart, program (or project) evaluation and review technique (PERT) chart, or work breakdown structure (WBS) provides a way to identify and organize required activities into a logical order.

In this assignment, you will select a project-scheduling tool and use it to develop the business flow for the rollout of a new product or service. For example, a call center is considered a service operation. The new service rollout could be the expansion of the call center to a second location or establishing the call center overseas. In a manufacturing environment, such as a mattress manufacturer, the rollout of a new product could be the expansion of the product line to include futons. In the automotive industry, the rollout could be the expansion of the product line to include hybrid vehicles.

Using the module readings, the Argosy University online library resources, and the Internet, identify and select a company you will use for this assignment. This company must be different from the one chosen for M2: Assignment 2. Then, complete the following: 

  • Describe the business operation you are considering for the forecast and scheduling of your expansion. 
  • What type of forecasting method would be appropriate for the company and the product or service selected? Why? 
  • Choose one of the following project scheduling tools: Gantt chart, PERT chart, or work breakdown structure (WBS).
  • Use the chosen scheduling tool to document the scheduling process for the rollout of a new product or service. 
  • Provide a rationale for the selection of the scheduling tool.

Submit a 2–3-page paper in Word format and attach a Gantt chart, a PERT chart, or a WBS developed in MS Project. For the development of the Gantt or PERT chart, you can also download a trial version of visual or graphic design software such as SmartDraw. Include a minimum of three scholarly articles to complete your research. Your writing should be clear, concise, and organized. Demonstrate ethical scholarship in accurate representation and attribution of resources. Display accurate spelling, grammar, punctuation, and APA formatting for citing of sources. 

Use the following file naming convention: LastnameFirstInitial_M3_A2.doc. 

Grading Criteria

Assignment Components  Proficient 
Maximum Points

Describe the business operation you are considering for the forecast and schedule of your expansion.

The business identified has been well researched and is suitably able to apply the new product or service. 

4

What type of forecasting method would be appropriate for the company and the product or service selected? Why? 

Selected an appropriate forecasting method and included the rationale for its selection.

16

Choose one of the following project scheduling tools: Gantt chart, PERT chart, or work breakdown structure (WBS).

Identified a project-scheduling tool such as a Gantt chart, PERT chart, or WBS to document the process of delivering a new customer offering.

4

Use the chosen scheduling tool to document the scheduling process for the rollout of a new product or service. 

Documented process is accurate and complete. Document demonstrates comprehension and a functional skill of using the tool. 

20

Provide a rationale for the selection of the tool chosen to establish your schedule. 

Rationale demonstrates a clear understanding of the selected scheduling tool as well as relevant concepts of project management.

4
Academic Writing    

Write in a clear, concise, and organized manner; demonstrate ethical scholarship in accurate representation and attribution of sources (i.e., in APA format); and display accurate spelling, grammar, and punctuation.

Written in a clear, concise, and organized manner; demonstrates ethical scholarship in accurate representation and attribution of sources; and displays accurate spelling, grammar, and punctuation.

12
Total:  
60

"Is this question part of your assignment? We Can Help!"

week 5 discussion 1

 


Your text shares many negative effects of technology and the media’s influence on children. Regardless, technology is increasing rapidly and is only becoming a larger portion of our children’s lives. After reading “Mass Media, Television, and Children’s Socialization,” choose an age level (toddler, preschool, or elementary age) upon which to focus in this discussion. Then, list three positive examples of how technology has enhanced socialization for children in that age group. Give two additional examples of how parents/educators can use technology to further enhance a child’s socialization.  

Guided Response:

Your initial post should be at least 250 words in length

"Is this question part of your assignment? We Can Help!"

True/False

1-While the use of Crummey withdra wal powers, to the extent of $14,000 per donee/beneficiary can shelter the donor from gift tax, a Crummey power in excess of $5,000 in any year can have gift tax consequences, (as well as possible estate tax consequences).

2-An example of a skip person (as defined in the generation skipping transfer tax) is the transferor’s grandchild.

 

3-Under the Economic Growth and Tax Relief Reconciliation Act (EGTRRA) of 2001, the $675,000 applicable exemption amount has been increased to $3.5 million (for estate and generation skipping transfer tax purposes) in a series of increases between 2002 and 2009.

 

4-No matter what the value of their gross estate, U.S. citizens are exempt from federal estate taxes.

 

5-A charitable contribution deduction is allowable for the present value of interests granted to charities in certain trusts in which the charity has either an income interest for a period of time or a remainder interest.

 

6-The estate tax structure permits essentially unlimited transferability of property between spouses free of any tax.

 

7-There is an unlimited gift tax marital deduction.

 

8-The gross estate generally includes all property owned by a decedent at death.

 

9- Life insurance policy proceeds can never be subject to federal estate tax.

 

10-The right to surrender or cancel a life insurance policy is considered an “incident of ownership.”

"Is this question part of your assignment? We Can Help!"

Develop a Talent Management Plan

Required Assignment 2—Develop a Talent Management Plan

In this assignment, you will develop a talent management plan for the company in the following scenario.

Review the following scenario:

You work in the human resource department of an electric power company in the southwestern region of the U.S. The company was founded in 1940. It has an excellent reputation as a provider of electricity, an outstanding corporate citizen, and an excellent place to work. It has been ranked among the top three employers in the community for several years.

The company’s mission is to serve customer’s needs for electric power in ways that provide exceptional value to all stakeholders including customers, shareholders, employees, and the communities in which it operates.

Its values include providing a safe work environment; ensuring fairness and respect for customers, employees, shareholders, and partners; honoring commitments to use resources wisely; providing a high quality of work life for its employees; striving for excellence; and having fun.

Given its long history, many of the company’s current employees are children and, in some cases, grandchildren of former employees. Thus, there are close family ties to the company as well as a sense of loyalty.

However, over the years, technological advancements in the power generation business have resulted in jobs being either redesigned or eliminated. For example, in the past, the company had many employees who read meters that showed the amount of electricity used by households. Meter readers traveled from house to house each month to log the information for billing purposes. Now, meters are read automatically and data are transferred to the billing department via computer. This technological advancement has eliminated the need for many employees who were required to resign, be laid off, or be retrained for other positions in the company.

The company faces a challenge as it strives to maintain its reputation as an excellent employer in the community and yet leverage advances in technology to help it increase efficiency and remain competitive.

Directions:

Given this scenario, develop a talent management plan for this company. Complete the following in your talent management plan:

  • Develop a plan that is aligned with the mission statement, the organization’s processes, and any specific assumptions about the culture of the organization and human resource systems.
  • Identify any financial implications and/or constraints.
  • Identify the gaps in the organization’s current management talent. Make sure you identify gaps in the depth and breadth of management talent and use all factors of the human resource system.
  • Propose and describe in detail 2–3 interventions that would help mitigate those gaps. Make sure you justify your ideas with scholarly research.
  • Develop a plan to counsel out or otherwise redirect individuals who have served the organization well, but are inappropriate for further promotion.
  • Justify the effectiveness of the talent management plan for this company.

Be sure to write in a clear, concise, and organized manner; demonstrate ethical scholarship in accurate representation and attribution of sources; and display accurate spelling, grammar, and punctuation.

Write a 6–8-page paper in Word format. Apply APA standards to citation of sources.

"Is this question part of your assignment? We Can Help!"